John A. Patterson MD, MSPH, FAAFP
July 20, 2022
Stress and poor oral health are interrelated.
The presence of oral disease and dental disorders can cause stress from low self-image, which can have a negative effect on well-being and personal happiness. Stress, chronic anxiety and depression can lead to self-neglect, including neglect of dental hygiene. For many people, dental self-care is not a high priority. It is especially common for stressful economic times to be associated with lapses in the proper oral hygiene habits of regular brushing and flossing of teeth and professional dental exams. Turning to sugar-laden comfort foods for stress relief can also lead to dental caries (tooth decay).
Emotional disorders and stress at home or work can lead to the excess production of dental plaque, which in turn can lead to periodontal (gum) disease, leading to gingivitis and bleeding gums. A highly emotional response to financial hardship, in particular, has been shown to increase gum disease. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss and Kentucky ranks first or second in US tooth loss. A healthy diet, regular brushing, flossing, anti-bacterial mouth rinses and regular dental evaluations can save teeth.
Stress can increase the frequency of canker sores. Also known as aphthous ulcers, these painful lesions occur inside the mouth and are not contagious. Students often have canker sores during the school year but fewer sores during holidays and over summer vacation. Cold sores, also called fever blisters, are contagious, painful blisters around the lips, nose or chin caused by the herpes virus. Stress is a common trigger for these herpes virus blisters. Though canker sores and cold sores resolve with or without medication, their resolution and their prevention can be helped by stress reduction.
Stress, worry, anxiety and anger can also lead to bruxism- clenching and grinding of the teeth during sleep or while awake. This grinding of the teeth can eventually lead to problems with the TMJ (temporomandibular joint). TMJ problems can cause popping or clicking of the jaw when opening the mouth or chewing. It can also cause facial pain or tenderness in the face, jaw joint, neck, shoulders, and around the ear during chewing, speaking, or opening the mouth. A custom-made dental bite guard may be required to prevent damage to the teeth and the TMJ from frequent grinding. Individuals may be unaware of their teeth grinding and jaw clenching. Signs include flattening of the tips of the teeth and dental sensitivity from loss of dental enamel.
There are many ways to help prevent stress from having an adverse impact on your dental health. You can probably find something on this short list that fits your lifestyle and personal preferences. To begin, try to reduce your exposure to the circumstances, patterns of thinking, habits, people or other sources of your stress. Deal thoughtfully, methodically and rationally with external stressors like financial hardship. Seek financial, emotional or pastoral counseling rather than self-medicating with drugs, alcohol and over-consumption of unhealthy foods. To reduce mental and emotional stress, connect more with your body through your preferred physical activity- walking, jogging, swimming, yoga or sports. Practice daily skilled relaxation, meditation or prayer. Spend some time each evening reading inspirational material that uplifts your spirits. Get a massage. Hug a loved one. Play with children and animals. Get out in nature. Do something for others who are less fortunate. Participate in social and community activities that reduce feelings of isolation and loneliness. Count your blessings.
Listed below are several resources that offer self-directed approaches to stress management. They do not take the place of professional help should your burden of stress feel overwhelming or get worse over time. Speak with your dental or medical provider for a professional stress management referral if your self-care strategies are not helping.
Your dental health and your overall health may depend on how effectively you manage your stress.
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About the Author-
Dr Patterson is past president of the Kentucky Academy of Family Physicians and is certified in family medicine, integrative holistic medicine, mind body medicine, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), Mindful Practice in Medicine, yoga therapy and physician coaching. He is on the faculty of Saybrook College of Integrative Medicine and Health Sciences (Pasadena) and the Center for Mind Body Medicine (Washington, DC). He teaches stress management for the University of Kentucky Health and Wellness Program and operates the Mind Body Studio in Lexington, where he offers integrative medicine consultations and group classes. He can be reached through his website at www.mindbodystudio.org